There are two different types of stove: radiant stoves and convection stoves. The radiant stove concentrates the heat around the stove itself, while the convection stove distributes the heat out into the whole room.
The type you choose will therefore greatly depend on what you want your stove for. If you want to be warm and cozy, close to the stove; the radiant is a good choice. If, on the other hand, the stove is also to play an effective role in heating your home as a primary heat source, you should choose a convection model.
The radiant heat form has been used for many stove generations and remains popular despite the prevalance of convection stoves. The reason for this is, among other things, that many people still associate wood-burning stove heat with radiant heat and that this form of heating produces heat more quickly from the stove. The side plates on radiant stoves consist of a single layer. This means that the stove emits heat quickly.
Convection stoves have an extra side panel which forms a spacing channel between it and the main body of the stove. Cold air is drawn in at the base of the stove, up between the side plates and finally out at the top as hot air.
Convection stoves are safer for children because the outer side plates are cooled down, preventing them from becoming very hot. This also means that you can reduce the distance to furniture, the heat emitted is less harsh, and the heat distribution is quicker and better. Convection stoves ensure an even and comfortable heating, also in adjoining rooms.